Why Are the Uyghurs Still Facing Human Rights Violations in China?

In 2019, Beijing continues to escalate a domestic campaign of detention and surveillance against the Uyghurs, a Muslim Turkic minority that primarily inhabit China’s far-western Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. While some members of the United Nations, especially Muslim allies of China, support China’s assertion that the reeducation camps are a national security project to combat extremism and terrorism, others have called to stop the persecution. Why haven’t they?

Read More

Nearly Five Years After the Umbrella Movement - Where is Hong Kong Now?

While imperialism has often led to disastrous outcomes for colonized states, Britain’s colonization of Hong Kong was an outlier in almost all respects. Though the United Kingdom returned Hong Kong to China in 1997, the succeeding decades have seen increasing tensions between Beijing and the Special Administrative Region, which culminated in the 2014 Umbrella Movement. Five years on, how has the situation developed?

Read More

Overlooking Culture in American Foreign Policy

It seems that Samuel Huntington’s “The Clash of Civilizations.” has drawn the ire of Stephen Walt, numerous Foreign Affairs scholars, and students of IR everywhere.  Yet, in the era of ‘globalization’, culture is taking a more prominent place on the global stage, including the waves of right wing populism throughout the West and rise of illiberal states in a number of other states. As international relations theory today is largely dominated by the tenets of realism and liberalism, Huntington perhaps suggests an unconsidered factor: culture. 

Read More

Globalization and the Future World Order

While it seems that China is poised to become a dominant power along with the United States, and the world will become more interconnected through globalization, these two changes in the future world order cannot steer the world toward more reciprocity. What would the future world order look like under a multipolar system?


Read More

The Venezuelan Crisis: A Proxy Conflict?

In recent years, Venezuela has faced shortages, hectic inflation, and political repression; yet, the United States, Russia and other foreign powers have chosen now to pay acute attention. The U.S. must not fall back upon the historical interventions made in Latin America with the justification of promoting democracy and combating communism. The country must not turn into yet another battleground for Cold War powers.

Read More

Putin Is Testing NATO’s Fortitude

On 25 November 2018, Russian ships carrying elite Spetsnaz soldiers seized two Ukrainian naval gunships, killing of six Ukrainian sailors and capturing thirty more. Tensions between Ukraine and Russia reached a climax last November and have since remained high. As the European Union continues to fracture and as the United States Trump administration continues to hold a soft spot for Russia, future acts of aggression will become more likely.

Read More

Why The Chinese Real Estate Market Is Global Cause For Concern

While China has made considerable strides in aligning its economy more with market principles following Deng Xiaoping’s 1978 reforms, the Chinese government is still heavily involved in many aspects of the economy, particularly the real estate sector. As China faces its slowest growth rate in 28 years, the country’s real estate market could potentially act as the amplifier of initial economic stagnation that may lead to regional and global implications.

Read More

Japan: The Financial Benefactor of Syrian Refugees

Between 2016 and 2018, Japan’s Abe administration has successfully used its economic power to support Syrian refugees globally, providing almost $3b USD to assist refugees and migrants. However, Japan has only recognized six Syrians refugees as of 2015. In the realm of refugee status recognition, there is still much that can be done not only for Syrian refugees, but for all refugees who desire to come to Japan.

Read More

The Ethical Concerns Of Drone And Automated Warfare

Drone warfare has, in recent years, become a tactic that the United States has become increasingly reliant on. Warfare is already brutal and inhumane when people are involved, and deploying tools of war that can’t discern between threats and innocents will only worsen this.

Read More

Xi and Bun: The Chinese President's Ordinary Meal Turned Extraordinary

A politician’s choice of meal and his table manners are revealing of his habits, personality, and mindset. In 2013, Xi Jinping’s unannounced visit to Qinfeng Restaurant, an ordinary chain bun shop in Beijing, surprised the entire nation. While China has since changed significantly and Xi’s public lunch is not likely to repeat, the event continues to remain vivid in Chinese public memory and internet more than five years on.

Read More

Expenditures of Unknowing: Failures in COIN

From Vietnam to Iraq and Afghanistan, United States counterinsurgency policies (COIN) strategy has led to marathons of expensive conflict by failing to balance “winning the hearts and minds of the people” and avoiding being seen as an occupying force. With an understanding of the role of politics and importance of population-centric strategy, perhaps United States counterinsurgency policies should begin to focus mostly on deterrence and negotiation, rather than force and occupation.

Read More

Importance of Human Rights in North Korea Negotiations

In December 2018, the United States Treasury Department’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) imposed sanctions on three senior North Korean officials in response to the regime’s ongoing violation of human rights in accordance with the 2016 North Korea Sanctions and Policy Enhancement Act (NKSPEA). The integration of human rights issues into global security negotiations is an effective foreign policy strategy that both serves as an additional mechanism of containment and a long-term tactic that can transform the norms of oppressive regimes.

Read More

Is the World Seeing a Change in the Will of the People?

Only twenty years ago, democracy was the champion system of the world. Today however, the very countries that are often regarded as the bastions of democracy and liberalism are electing the system’s downfall. So a question arises: do the people no longer want democracy? Or more importantly, is the world seeing a change in the will of the people?

Read More

The Nauru Question: Australia and the South Pacific’s ‘Ring of Steel’

Nauru is the smallest republic in the world, yet its significance towards Australia, New Zealand, and the broader South Pacific region is paramount. The re-opening of the Nauru Regional Processing Centre for refugees in 2016 has proven to be a rather problematic sticking point, offering challenges to local diplomatic relations as well as stimulating international discussion over fundamental questions of human rights. What would happen to Nauru next?

Read More

Indian Citizenship Law Disenfranchises Millions

In July 2018, the Modi government released a draft of the National Register of Citizens as part of the 2016 Citizenship Amendment Bill, which seeks to remove Indian citizenship from individuals who arrived in the country after 2014. The new law effectively stripped four million Assamese residents of Indian citizenship, a targeted move of exclusion and marginalization that should outrage the global community. A broad front is necessary to stop this exclusionary agenda in its tracks, and this will require organizing within India as well as concerted uproar by the global community.

Read More

The Future of the Environment: Sustainability with Chinese Characteristics?

China has achieved an industrial revolution within twenty years that took many Western countries an entire century; yet, this accomplishment has also compacted a century of environmental pollution issues into a mere two decades. An important question to ask is how China — as the world’s next emerging superpower — will balance its sustainability efforts and economic growth.

Read More

Departure of Ambassador Haley and the Future of the United Nations

The legacy of Ambassador Nikki Haley continues to be divided and her departure from the United Nations has left numerous challenges for the new United States ambassador to reform the organization in this increasingly globalized world. But just because the U.N. will need to address these challenges and criticisms, that should not be a reason to abandon our efforts all together.

Read More